Identify them by labeling an s or an f under the name of each. This strategy was designed to ensure their ability to preserve the postcivil war status quo by controlling. These were the states maine free state and missouri slave state the line was at the 36 degree by 30 degree line on the u. Also known as the compromise of 1820 maine enters as a free state missouri enters as a slave state no slavery would be allowed north of the 3630 line. What states were free states and slave states in 1820. In the united states before 1865, a slave state was a state in which the slave trade was legal. Although slavery was permitted in some fashion in all of the original thirteen colonies and remnants of the institution still existed in some of the free states, by 1820 it was clear that the union broke down into two types of states, free and slave. The five remaining states allowed slavery, but still remained in the union. Illustrating the area of the original thirteen states, slave free before 1850, areas forming part of the union before 1783, but not admitted as states until later. Slave states student version activity items the following items are part of this activity and appear at the end of this student version. The map is colorcoded to show the states absolutely free maine, vermont, new hampshire, and massachusetts, the states undergoing gradual abolition new york, connecticut, rhode.
Name two states that were free states and two that were slave states. The compromise of 1850 was passed to determine how the issue of slavery would apply to land gained following the mexican war. Aug 06, 2018 slave states and free states map map exercise slave states and free states, map exercise slave states and free states answers, map of slave states and free states. Coast survey published a large map, approximately two feet by three feet, titled a map showing the distribution of the slave population of the southern states of. Freedom states and slavery states, 1854 university of south.
The missouri compromise, 1820 blank map including missouri. Impact of the cotton gin begins being widely used in the 1830s with each dot representing 2,000 bails of cotton. As the united states acquired land and new states formed, the balance of power between the free and slave states needed to be addressed. Return slaves captured in free states to slave states b. Slave and free areas after the missouri compromise, 1820. The thirteenth amendment to the united states constitution, ratified in 1865. The us federal census records released to date are 1790, 1800, 1810, 1820, 1830, 1840, 1850 including slave enumerations, 1860 including slave enumerations, 1870, 1880, 1890 most of the 1890 census was lost in a fire, 1900, 1910, 1920, and 1930. The missouri compromise seemed to solve the problem by admitting missouri as a slave state and maine as a free state, keeping the number of free and slave states equal. Above is a map of the free states and slave states in the u. Use charts to illustrate the 1850 slave population in slave states.
Freedom states and slavery states, 1854 educational technology. Mississippi 1817 10 illinois 1818 11 alabama 1819 11 maine 1820 12 missouri 1821 12. How did the missouri compromise solve the problem of keeping the balance of power in the senate between free and slave states. By 1803, after ohio had been admitted to the united states, there were nine free states and eight slave states. Map of a map of the united states at the time of the kansasnebraska act 1854 which allowed settlers to determine whether or not slavery would be allowed in their territories. Slave states, free states name icivics free lesson. At the time of the missouri compromise, there were 11 free states and 11 slave states. Once it downloads, open the folder, click on 1820a02. Congress and the territorial expansion of the united states.
Use a solid line to show the missouri compromise line use the colors or patterns fron1 2. Maine was admitted as a free state in 1820 keeping the balance of free to slave states. States and territories closed to slavery states and territories open to slavery states formed as a result of the missouri compromise label the 36 degrees, 30 minutes north line on the map finally, answer the questions below on a separate page near your completed map. The 1820 missouri compromise drew an imaginary line dividing the country in two. A free state was one in which slavery was prohibited. This colorful and simplified map of north america shows the make up of different territories as well as free states and slave states as determined by the missouri compromise. Slave states and free states simple english wikipedia, the. On the compromise of 1850 map, draw a tiny pie chart on each slave state to show the percent of that states. For a description of the questions asked on the 1790 to 1860 censuses, see measuring america. The missouri compromise of 1820 katy independent school. As part of the compromise, the admission of maine 1820 as a free state was enabled by. Worksheet ii for the missouri compromise interactive map question answer what changes did the missouri compromise bring to the u. Color the confederate states red, and then color the free states blue. The missouri compromise, 1820 blank map including missouri to create a map of the united states in 1820, using different colored pencils to depict the following seven sections.
The balance of free and slave states would be destroyed. The map is colorcoded to show the free states including california, admitted to the union as a free state in 1850, the slave states, and the territories that. The territories of utah and new mexico, in purple, were organized and opened to slavery by popular sovereignty. There were enslaved persons in most free states in the 1840 census, and the fugitive slave act of 1850 specifically stated that an enslaved person remained enslaved even if their owner took them to a free state. Missouri would be allowed to join as a slave state, maine joined as a free state, and nothing above the arkansas territory could join the union as a slave state. The united states, mid1850 geography challenge packet answers. Find the first 5 states that joined the union following the original states. Label slave states pencilpen and color in using 3 rd colored pencil 4. History map of slavery and emancipation in the united states, 17771865. Label free states pencilpen in 182021 and color in using colored pencil 2. Free states and territories slave states and territories oregon country. What was the compromise with admitting missouri as a free state in 1821.
Students will begin the activity by creating a map that represents the missouri compromises impact on the united states. It also divided the rest of the louisiana purchase into slave and free territory. In the north slavery was not allowed and in the south slavery was allowed. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. In 1820 two southern states had a higher population of black people. Interactive map of missouri compromise interactive missouri compromise map. Green states are the free states where slavery was not allowed.
Alabama slave confederate arkansas slave confederate california free union. Map of a map of the united states at the time of the missouri compromise 1820 showing the free states and territories, slave states and territories, the british and spanish possessions at the time, and the oregon country. Information from the 1820 census to download the document, click on the link on item 4a, then census of population and housing, 1820, then full document. In the south, kentucky was created as a slave state from a part of virginia 1792. This legislation admitted missouri as a slave state and maine as a nonslave state at the same time, so as not to upset the balance between slave and free states in the nation. The map shows the changes in the geopolitical situation under the compromise of 1850. By 1820, the united states was divided between states that banned slavery and those. In the history of the united states of america, a slave state was a u. Slave states and free states map map exercise slave states and free states, map exercise slave states and free states answers, map of slave states and free states. Compromise map, write an s on each slave state and an f on each free state. Apportionment legislation an act apportioning seats for maine, 1820 item 2. Tennessee was created a slave state out of a part of north carolina 1796.
Map of a map of the united states and territories in 1821 after the missouri compromise, showing the free states and territories, the slave states and territories, and the transitional territories at the time. The map is colorcoded to show the free states including california, admitted to the union as a free state in 1850, the slave states, and the territories that were open to slavery by the compromise of 1850. Where would the balance between free and slave states become unbalanced if missouri was accepted as a slave state. Try not to peak, but if you must, there is a map on page 404. Second, from the beginning of the civil war in 1861 through 1890. Prior to missouris entering the united states as a slave state and maines entering as a free state, how. On the compromise of 1850 map, draw a tiny pie chart on each slave state to show the percent of that state s. Label florida and arkansas territories pencilpen and color in using 4 th colored. New jersey, pennsylvania, connecticut, massachusetts. The debate over slavery ultimately helped drive the united states into civil war, but before it did, there were decades of careful balance between slaves states and free states.
California and oregon were added to the free states. Nonwhite population, except indians not taxed by slave status. The states and territories are further divided into two categories. This map will serve as a backdrop for the activity while introducing students to political and cultural sectionalism northern and southern states and the issue of slavery in the early 1800s. In the united states before 1865, a slave state was a state in which the slave trade was legal, while a free state was one in which it was not. Slave states and free states simple english wikipedia.
Settlements of northern boundary disputes 17831872 25. Below is the list of free and slave states before 1820. The compromise of 1850 was a package of five separate bills passed by the united states congress in september 1850 that defused a political confrontation between slave and free states on the status of territories acquired in the mexicanamerican war. Identify and draw geopolitical changes brought about by the missouri compromise and the compromise of 1850. Census data and shapefiles for these maps comes from minnesota population center, national historical geographic information system, version 2. Draw the missouri compromise line on the map below. Compare the 1820 map to the 1854 map to find out which southern state had. Map showing distribution of the slave population of the southern state s of the united states compiled from the census of 1860. Missouri compromise,1820 by 21st century classroom tpt. This map identifies which states and territories of the united states allowed slavery and which did not in 1860, on the eve of the civil war. Label free states pencilpen in 1820 21 and color in using colored pencil 2. As new states joined the union, there was a national debate over whether these states should be free states or slave states.
As the united states acquired land and new states formed, the balance of power between the free. During this period the republicans selectively admitted 11 new states stewart and weingast, 1992. The missouri compromise and the nullification crisis. Boldly outline, or highlight, the two new states created by the missouri compromise. In what three southern states did the black population outnumber the white population. There were 11 slave and 11 free, in 1821 there were 12 slave. The slaveholding border states included missouri, kentucky, virginia, maryland, and delaware. To keep the representatives balanced in congress, it was proposed that 1 slave and 1 free state be made admitted together.
It granted missouri statehood as a slave state and admitted maine as a free state, restoring the. On the missouri compromise map, write an s on each slave state and an f on each free state. State year admitted total slave states total free states ohio 1803 9 louisiana 1812 9 indiana 1816 10 the compromise of 1850 revolved around the issue of allowing california into the union as a free state which would upset the balance between free and slave states. Draw the imaginary missouri compromise line across 36, 30.1635 912 1512 1063 384 47 6 866 1151 1547 1240 87 699 216 283 478 734 1631 1193 859 1262 702 1664 704 1060 1270 1396 149 305 1038 1270 1246 1184 1246 246