The brief resilience scale states its aim is to assess resilience as an outcome. Another brief resilience scale, the brief resilience coping scale, was created by sinclair and wallson 2004. Using the brief resilience scale to assess chinese people. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise cambridge core to connect with your account. Brief resilience scale brs trauma informed care network.
Trauma questionnaires trauma informed care network. Translating research into practice, the springer series on human exceptionality. Psychobiological mechanisms of resilience and vulnerability. Add the responses varying from 15 for all six items giving a range from 630. The ability to bounce back from stress, or resilience. After critical examination, cdrisc and cdrisc 10 scales were found to be the most dominant scales in assessing resilience as they. Implications for successful adaptation to extreme stress. I have a hard time making through stressful events. Add the value 15 of your responses for all six items, creating a range from 630. Brs 1 i tend to bounce back quickly after hard times 1 2 3 4 5 brs 2. Participants responded on a 5point likert scale, ranging from 1 strongly disagree to 5 strongly agree. Scales and questionnaires the center for compassion and altruism research and education research compassion database scales and questionnaires anne wietzker, ann buysse 2012 assessing guilt toward the former spouse.
Resilience is the ability to cope with difficulties. Previous resilience measures assess resources that may promote resilience rather than recovery, resistance, adaptation, or thriving. The development of the santa clara brief compassion scale. May 18, 2016 we describe the neurobiological fundamentals of a new brief psychological resilience rating scale, the predictive 6factor resilience scale pr6, consisting of 16 items. Secondary traumatic stress and resilience among ems journal. There are two different resilience scales available in psytoolkit, this one. Using the brief resilience scale to assess chinese peoples. Academic resilience contextualizes the resilience construct and reflects an increased likelihood of educational success despite. The term resilience is often used in the medical world to describe patients coping ability. The impact of resilience among older adults sciencedirect.
Successful ageing, depression and resilience research. The brief resilience scale assesses a persons ability to bounce back or recover from stress. Instructions for scoring total score is calculated as an average of your scores for all 6 items. Assessing the ability to bounce back overview of attention for article published in international journal of behavioral medicine, september 2008 altmetric badge. To provide further evidence for construct validity of the german brs and to determine populationbased norms, a large sample n 1,128 representative of the german adult population completed a survey including the brs and instruments measuring perceived stress. Divide the sum by the total number of questions answered 6 for your final score. The brief resilience scale brs was created to assess the ability to bounce back or recover from stress.
Davidson resilience scale cdrisc, connordavidson resilience scale 10 cdrisc 10, resilience scale for adults rsa, brief resilience scale brs. Internationaljournal of behavioral medicine 15 194. It does not take me long to recover from a stressful event. Resilience is a psychological construct observed in some individuals that accounts for success despite adversity.
The scale was applied in two different samples at different times. A specific advantages of this latter scale is that it is very short only 4 items, and that it can be used for free by nonprofit researchers unlike various other resilience scales. An example item is i tend to bounce back quickly after hard times. Brief resilience scale brs while resilience has been defined as resistance to illness, adaptation, and thriving, the ability to bounce back or recover from stress is closest to its original meaning. Scales and questionnaires the center for compassion and. Divide the total sum by the total number of questions.
The predictive 6factor resilience scale the science of. Some researchers have described it as the ability to adapt positively to stressful circumstances,10 while others have defined resilience as being able to remain functionally stable and well despite ongoing stress. The brs is a validated selfreport 6item scale rating one of the highest levels of quality for measuring resilience windle, 2011. Its psychometric characteristics were examined in four samples, including two student samples and samples with cardiac and chronic pain patients. The center for compassion and altruism research and education research compassion database scales and questionnaires. Use the following scale and circle one number for each statement to indicate how much you disagree or agree with each of the statements.
Even so, items in the brief resilience scale, although corresponding with the ability to recover and cope with difficulties, all reflect a sense of personal agency, e. The brief resilience scale brs measures the ability to recover from stress. Smith, jeanne dalen, kathryn wiggins, erin tooley, paulette christopher, and jennifer bernard. The brief resilience scale provides both unique and important information about people and how they cope with healthrelated. The purpose of this article is to present the adaptation of the brief resilience scale developed by smith et al. The ability to bounce back from stress, or resilience, is conceptually different from. International journal of behavioral medicine, 153, 194200. The american psychological association apa defines resilience as the process of adapting well in the face of adversity, trauma, tragedy, threats, or significant sources of stress, or bouncing back from difficult experiences.
Smith bw, dalen j, wiggins k, tooley e, christopher p, et al. The brs was reliable and measured as a unitary construct. The brief resilience scale brs is a validated, widely used measure of resilience that uses as few items as necessary to accurately assess resilience. Available formats pdf please select a format to send. Resilience is also an important part of positive psychology. This study examined the utility of an adapted version of the brief resilience scale brs to measure chinese undergraduates ability to bounce back from stress. How to measure resilience with these 8 resilience scales. Smith bw1, dalen j, wiggins k, tooley e, christopher p, bernard j. Psychometric assessment of the wagnild and youngs resilience. The notion of resilience derives from the physiological stress literature and the coping literature resilience is ones ability to bounce back smith et al. This learning resource is for introducing and explaining the concept of psychological resilience and for researchers to discuss investigations of resilience theory.
Academic resilience contextualizes the resilience construct and reflects an increased likelihood of educational success despite adversity. The resilience scale rs14 consists of 14 items rated on a scale from 1 does not apply to 4 applies very strongly, with higher scores indicating higher levels of resilience. Internationaljournal of behavioral medicine 15 194200. Resilience reflects the ability to bounce back, to beat the odds and is considered an asset in human characteristic terms. International journal of behavioral this 6question survey should take around 1 minute to complete.
Several potential resilience resources were assessed based on a model of resilience that involves the three stages of confronting a stressor, orienting to. Each item is rated as 1strongly disagree, 2disagree, 3neutral, 4agree, 5strongly agree with. The brief resilience scale the brief resilience scale assesses a persons ability to bounce back or recover from stress. The brief resilience scale brs was created to assess. Reliability and validity of the brief resilience scale brs spanish version. The brief resilience scale brs assesses the ability to recover from stressful situations. Using this scale, we test the hypothesis that health hygiene factors are correlated with psychological resilience domains. The brief resilience scale brs consists of 6 items designed to measure the construct of resilience based on the concept of hardiness. The brs together with measures tapping optimism, selfesteem, pessimism, and physical. In the first study, conducted on a sample composed of 198 military students, factor analysis revealed the presence of a single factor, weakly charged with five of the six items of. While resilience has been defined as resistance to illness, adaptation, and thriving, the ability to bounce back or recover from stress is closest to its original meaning.
Among similar protocols, the brs is the only measure that specifically assesses resilience in its original and most basic meaning. The brief resilience scale brs was developed to measure an individuals ability to bounce back or recover from stress smith et al. Word editable version, selfscoring pdf printable version excel editable version, automatic scoring the brief resilience scale. The brief resilience scale brs was created to assess the. The brief resilience scale provides both unique and important information about people and how they cope with healthrelated stressors, according to the study. While most resilience assessments look into the factors which develop resilience, the brief resilience scale brs is a selfrating questionnaire aimed at measuring an individuals ability to bounce back from stress. Secondary traumatic stress and resilience among ems. Construct validity and populationbased norms of the. Scores on this scale have been found to positively correlate with intelligence as it relates to the ability to adapt, supporting the scale s ability to assess an individuals ability to bounce back from failure and disappointment. Pdf using the brief resilience scale to assess chinese.1138 1009 1192 202 1600 562 302 330 1168 755 419 1199 868 388 1092 1513 1400 1411 1659 78 1267 1415 805 1396 350 1295 694 467 973 936 1035 687 1183 793 1491