The environmental impact assessment eia process, which originated in the united states in the late 1960s and early 1970s, has been adopted extensively in the rest of the world. Energy information administration eia, the statistical and analytical agency within the u. The proposed project is located geographically latitude 4049n and longitude 706e within the indorama complex on a piece of land. Uwp consulting pty ltd south africa in association with uwp consulting t ltd. South africa is one of the 191 countries that have a formal eia process. R993 of 08 december 2014 national environmental management. Although at present the term environmental impact assessment is widely used, there is no clear, concise definition of eia ahmad and sammy, 1985. This approach has its own complications and strengths. Eia is an integral part of the planning and decisionmaking processes.
Criteria for determining whether basic assessment or scoping and environmental impact assessment is to be applied to applications part 2. Management southern africa pty limited, with all reasonable skill. Since 1996, in line with development of the economy, capacity and expertise of various stakeholders of the eia process in azerbaijan has been constantly growing reaching in some cases very high levels. Energy information administration technically recoverable shale oil and shale gas resources i. A process by which the environmental consequences of a proposed activity or project are evaluated and alternatives are analysed. An applicant may only conduct an eia after the competent authority has approved the scoping report and the plan of study for the eia. For the purpose of environmental impact assessment, highest levels of emission and discharge have been taken into account.
Final june 2019 application for an environmental authorisation for the clean fuels 2 cf 2 proposed tanks expansion project at the sasol synfuels operations in secunda, mpumalanga province sasol south africa limited private bag x, secunda 2302, south africa. Pdf aspects of environmental impact assessment practice. Evaluating south african environmental impact assessment eia. When these degree are decided, the process proceeds into the step of scoping to identify environmental factors considered. The recommendations do not necessarily carry the full support of all the sectors represented. The eia process is a tool which requires the integration of social, economic and environmental factors in the planning, implementation and evaluation of decisions to ensure that development serves the present and future gener ations. Eia guideline and information document series guideline on public participation issued by. The competent authority will decide whether to grant or refuse. Its contents deal with policy practice and institutional issues. Government notice 326 in government gazette 40772 dated 7 april 2017. Therefore, electricity is generated in accordance with supplydemand requirements. South africa has adopted the process of eia as early as 1989 in the environmental conservation act.
Steps to be taken before submission of application 23. Environmental impact assessment as a policy tool for. The eia is south africa s key regulatory instrument to mitigate andor. Consequently, considerable research and deliberation.
It also contains a list of useful references and contact numbers. The information obtained from this technique assisted the study team to have the. R1182 of 5 sept 1997 preparation implementation of sections 21, 22. Government gazette staatskoerant republic of south africa republiek van suidafrika regulation gazette no. Activities that are listed either in listing 1 or in listing 2 require environmental authorisation from the competent authority before commencement the applicant the person that wants to undertake the listed activity is required to subject the proposed activity to an environmental impact assessment. Both technology licensors are renowned in the industry and follow the latest process of operation and recovery philosophies.
Recommendations to address specific challenges and responses of the present eia regime pertinent to the practitioner, regulator and policymaker. Environmental impact assessment process proposed concentrating solar power csp plant and associated infrastructure in the northern cape area briefing paper march 2006. Environmental impact assessment eia report for the liquefied natural gas project in cabo delgado final eia report. In 2003 saiea in cooperation with dannida has compiled a comprehensive though by now slightly outdated overview of the state of environmental assessment in the sadc region. The 2010 eia flow of process in south africa adapted from dea 2010 figure 2. The restoration of the old project site also forms part of the eia process. The analysis focuses on selected key aspects of the eia process which require more thorough analysis and which provide the greatest opportunities for learning in the context of the gautrain eia. Environmental impact assessments, or eias, are a key tool in effective environmental management. The scoping and eia process culminates in the development and submission of the environmental impact assessment report and the draft environmental management plan to the competent authority. An increasing number of organisations governmental as well as nongovernmental ngos. Determination of assessment process applicable to application 21. The coordinates should be in degrees, minutes and seconds.
Sia in south africa has therefore developed fully as an integral component of eia, where sia is produced in the form of a specialist report of eia, or as a component of basic assessments bas. Review of the effectiveness and efficiency of environmental impact assessment eia as a tool for environmental management in south africa the department of environmental affairs and tourism has commissioned a study into the effectiveness and efficiency of environmental impact assessment eia as a tool for managing environmental impacts in. Eia legislations and the required procedural guidelines for carrying out the eia process became effective since the 1970s in developed countries tayo, 2008. The cost of environmental impact assessment eia in south africa 53 international perspectives the dif. Electricity cannot be stored in large quantities and generally must be used as it is generated. This draft environmental impact assessment report forms part of a series of reports and information sources that are being provided during the environmental impact assessment eia process for the proposed atlantis gastopower project, western cape. New legislation to this effect was passed on the 2nd of august 2010.
Environmental impact assessment in southern africa saiea. South africa environmental management environment conservation act, six volumes on integrated environmental policy, 1999 no. Eskom is responsible for the provision of reliable and affordable power to south africa. Nema eia regulations environmental impact assessment process 19 august 2016. Iefcl train2 fertilizer project eia report chapter three. Environmental impact assessments in developing countries. This legislation replaced the national environmental management act nema eia regulations. Eia is proclaimed in principle 17 of agenda 21 agenda for the 21st. Environmental impact assessment eia is the tool that is most commonly utilised across africa and in most developing countries for the purpose of integrating environmental concerns in development projects.
Eia guideline and information document series information document on generic tors for eaps and project schedules issued by. South africas experience with eia dates back to the 1970s, but the. The south african government hopes that shale gas will provide the country with a reliable alternative fuel to coal. Environmental impact assessment and management strategy following on from the 10 years of eia conference the environmental impact assessment and management strategy has been initiated process has been stakeholder driven strategy also considering issues not identified in the effectiveness and efficiency report e. Department of environmental affairs, 2014, environmental impact assessment and management strategy for south africa draft. Eskom generates approximately 95% of the electricity used in south africa. The analysis and recommendations of this report do not necessarily reflect the views of the department of environmental affairs. Subsequently, the eia regulations have undergone several replacements, the latest in 2014. A guide to the environmental impact assessment eia process. It takes the form of two separate but interrelated components. The 2010 eia flow of process in south africa adapted from dea 2010 figure 1b.
The environmental impact assessment eia process is an interdisciplinary and multistep procedure to ensure that environmental. A further factor that constrained the implementation of environmental evaluation procedures in south africa was the recognition by proponents of eia that the direct transfer of united states and european models to south africa would not be appropriate. The eia process in south africa is integrative and holistic, addressing social, economic, and environmental or ecological issues concurrently. The portfolio committee on water and environmental affairs in the parliament of the republic of south africa will be holding public hearings on the efficacy of south africas eia regime.
Evaluation of environmental impact assessment system in nigeria. Map of south africa indicating the district and local municipalities of the study areas in the northern cape province figure 3. Environmental impact assessment regulations made under section 24 of the. Activity position indicate the position of the activity using the latitude and longitude of the centre point of the site for each alternative site. Purpose and objectives of eia in terms of current legislation section 24 of the bill of rights chapter 2 of the constitution of the republic of south africa, 1996 act 108 of 1996 states. Necsa dipr eia draft scoping report vii rev 1 october 2011 the roleplayers of the eia process the proponent. Pdf aspects of environmental impact assessment practice in. The purpose of the legislation was to improve and streamline the eia process. Eia is an evaluation procedure that helps planners and decisionmakers to understand the. In south africa, the eia process has developed into a welldeveloped legislative and policy. The government printing works will not be held responsible for the quality of hard copies or electronic files submitted for publication purposes. Environmental impact assessment eia report for the.
This study analyses key elements of south african environmental impact assessment eia statutory requirements through the lens of the gautrain project. South africa will be holding public hearings on the efficacy of south africas eia regime. Section 24 of the constitution of the republic of south africa, 1996, calls on the state to secure everyone the right to an environment that is not harmful to health or wellbeing. Environmental impact assessment regulations, 2014 government notice r982 in government gazette 38282 dated 4 december 2014. The revised eia regulations implemented on 3 july 2006 focused attention on the question of eia effectiveness in south africa. Energy information administration eia, south africa holds the eighthlargest technically recoverable shale gas resources in the world 390 trillion cubic feet primarily located in the karoo basin. Energy information administration independence ave. Sia in south africa has therefore developed fully as an integral component of eia, where sia is produced in the form of a specialist report of eia, or as a. Draft environmental impact assessment report purpose of this report. Environmental impact assessment eia process, as stipulated in the national environmental management act, 107 of 1998 and the eia regulations of 2010 gn543, have been complied with by linking the sections or chapters in this environmental impact report eir.
Technically recoverable shale oil and shale gas resources. The aim of eia in south africa, therefore, is to follow a process that will determine the best practicable environmental option, that is, to promote sustainable development through the effective. Evaluation of environmental impact assessment system in. In terms of the bill of rights, included in the constitution of the republic of south africa of 1996, everyone has the right to have the environment protected and to live in an environment that is not harmful to human health or well. In 2006, the eia regulations under the national environmental management act were passed. The south african nuclear energy corporation necsa the south african nuclear energy corporation limited necsa is a stateowned public company, registered in terms of the companies act, act no. Component a sets out the rationale for the research, the approach and objectives, a conceptual framework and a statement of methodology. Energy information administration, independence ave. Review of eia appeals within the coastal environment of the western cape, south africa. The portfolio committee invites all interested stakeholders to submit written comments on the. Although south africa has a legislative framework as described above, that facilitates and supports public participation, key challenges identified by government authorities, consultants, ngos and other stakeholders, as recorded in the south africa country report for the publication entitled. Evaluating south african environmental impact assessment.552 971 1082 580 141 206 1283 959 952 537 1534 1277 719 1656 14 1381 152 906 931 1338 638 1481 1248 619 1524 986 52 1077 1456 1111 581 246 1483 578